Orthopaedic Surgeon Quick Facts

Excerpted figures below are from the 2014 Orthopaedic Surgeon Census . AAOS members can access the full report with their member login. Non-members can purchase a downloadable copy in the AAOS store .


The AAOS has conducted an Orthopaedic Surgeon Census biennially since 1985 to update surgeon and practice information in the AAOS database. Information in this report is based on the most recent census of 28,047 orthopaedists on record with the AAOS at the time of the census.

  1. Wyoming, Montana, New Hampshire, Vermont, and South Dakota have the highest density of orthopaedic surgeons (more than 11 per 100,000 population). Mississippi, Texas, Arkansas, West Virginia, and Michigan have the lowest surgeon density (7 or below per 100,000 population).
  2. The average age of practicing orthopaedists is 54.76 years. The AAOS membership is made up of 92.1% male and 5.0% female (2.9% did not indicate their gender).
  3. The primary reported race was Caucasian (88.0%), followed by Asian (5.2%).
  4. The orthopaedic workforce is made up of 89.5% employed full-time, and 10.5% part-time.
  5. The largest proportion of respondents practice in private practice - orthopaedic group setting (35%), with an additional 15% each in private practice - solo setting and hospital/medical center.
  6. Fifty-four percent of respondents are specialist, 26.9% are general orthopaedic surgeons with specialty interest, and 19.6% are generalists.
  7. The three most-frequently cited primary areas of practice are sports medicine (15.8%), hand (10.8%), and total joint (10.4%).
  8. Overall, orthopaedists perform an average of 29 procedures per month, with full-time orthopaedists performing 32 procedures per month, and part-timers performing 6 procedures per month.