Putting a little sex in your orthopaedic practice

By Elizabeth A. Arendt, MD

Are patellofemoral disorders worse for females?

Patellofemoral (PF) injury and disease are commonly thought to be more prevalent in females. Literature to support this conclusion, however, is inadequate. This article investigates possible sex differences in three categories of PF disorders: PF pain, PF instability, and isolated PF arthritis.

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