Loosening up a stiff toe

By Jennie McKee

Fusion isn’t the only option for end-stage hallux rigidus

What treatments can an orthopaedic surgeon offer a patient with end-stage hallux rigidus? Is hallux metatarsophalangeal (MTP) fusion—a procedure that relieves pain but leaves the patient unable to bend the toe—the only viable surgery? No, according to Alexander J. Pappas, MD, of Strand Orthopaedic Consultants, LLC, in Myrtle Beach, S.C.

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