Why women have an increased risk of ACL injury

By Timothy E. Hewett, PhD

Decreased neuromuscular control of the trunk leads to valgus torques at the knee

Female athletes who participate in jumping and pivoting sports are 2 to 10 times more likely to sustain a knee ligament injury, such as an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, than male athletes participating in the same sports. The substantial increase in the number of women and girls participating in athletics, coupled with the 2- to 10-fold higher injury rate, widened the gender gap in the number of serious knee ligament injuries.

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