PTSD: An underrecognized complication

By Maureen Leahy

When left untreated, PTSD leads to poor orthopaedic outcomes

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that may occur in people who have been exposed to a traumatic event. People with PTSD persistently experience nightmares or flashbacks, emotional numbing, and hyperarousal (eg, insomnia, inability to concentrate); they purposely avoid all stimuli associated with the trauma. Symptoms typically begin to develop within 3 months of the event.

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