Pain Relief: What Can We Do?

Safely treating pain involves more than opioids

David C. Ring, MD, PhD

Nociception is the physiology of actual or potential tissue damage. Laceration, sprain, strain, dislocation, fracture, and surgery all create nociception.

This content is only available to members of the AAOS.

Please log in using the link at the top right corner of this page to access your exclusive AAOS member content.

Not a member? Become a member!

Advertisements


Advertisement