Clinical and Surgical Approach to Benign Bone Tumors in Children

Abstract

Bone tumors are uncommon in children, and, fortunately, most are benign. The most common benign bone tumors in the growing child are unicameral bone cyst, aneurysmal bone cyst, fibrous cortical defect, nonossifying fibroma, osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma, osteochondroma, multiple hereditary exostosis, and chondroblastoma. Although some benign bone tumors are incidentally found, others cause pain or other symptoms, such as a visible or palpable mass or a pathologic fracture. This article reviews the clinical and radiographic features, management, and prognosis of the most common benign bone lesions in children and adolescents.

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