Shoulder Arthroscopy: Basic Concepts and Fundamental Procedures

Abstract

Shoulder arthroscopy is an essential skill in the armamentarium of every new shoulder and elbow surgeon. In this article, we describe a basic step-by-step guide for arthroscopy of the shoulder, including steps for making the initial diagnosis, provocative shoulder tests, standard patient positioning and arthroscopic instrumentation, portal placement, surgical techniques, and common pearls and pitfalls. It is our hope that this review will help residents learn the essential techniques they need to improve their skills and become as comfortable with arthroscopic surgery as they are with open procedures.

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