Pediatric Scaphoid Fractures

Abstract

Scaphoid fractures are the most common type of carpal injuries that occur in children and adolescents. The injury pattern seen in children and adolescents who have scaphoid fractures has recently shifted to resemble that of adults who have scaphoid fractures, with scaphoid waist fractures being the most common injury pattern. This shift has been attributed to increased body mass index in children and adolescents as well as more intense participation in extreme sports by both children and adolescents. The diagnosis of scaphoid fractures is based on both a clinical examination and radiographic findings. If a scaphoid fracture is clinically suspected but the initial radiographs are negative, cast immobilization followed by repeat imaging can lead to accurate diagnosis of the injury. MRI can aid in the diagnosis of a scaphoid injury in pediatric patients with incomplete ossification of the scaphoid. Acute nondisplaced scaphoid fractures have a high rate of healing with cast immobilization; however, surgery should be considered for patients who have displaced scaphoid fractures with delayed presentation. In general, patients with scaphoid fractures who undergo appropriate treatment and achieve successful union have excellent long-term functional outcomes.

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