Malignant Tumors of Bone and Soft Tissue

Abstract

For both the patient and clinician, the evaluation of an aggressive musculoskeletal lesion is an anxiety-producing process. By understanding principles of biopsy, staging, typical presentation, and treatment of malignant bone and soft-tissue lesions, the clinician can help inform the patient, expedite the workup, and refer to a specialty center expeditiously when a primary sarcoma is suspected. The prognosis for patients with bone and soft-tissue sarcomas has not changed substantially in the past 35 years and remains approximately 60% to 70% survival at 5 years following treatment. Abundant research activity has focused on improving systemic management for patients with recurrent and/or metastatic sarcoma. The ability to completely evaluate a patient with suspected metastatic disease of unknown primary source and assess fracture risk are two skill sets that most orthopaedic surgeons should have in their armamentarium.

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