AAOS Now tests your knowledge of orthopaedic trivia. Take a minute and see how well you know your orthopaedic trivia—but don’t peek at the answers! An expanded explanation of the correct answers can be found below.
- This famous British surgeon developed a traction splint for managing femur fractures and described the reduction maneuver for nursemaid’s elbow in 1883.
- Hugh Owen Thomas
- Percivall Pott
- John Charnley
- James Knight
- This French son of a blacksmith abandoned training with his father to become a surgeon. He is best known for a bandage that hugs the arm to the chest.
- Jacques Calvé
- Jacques Lisfranc de St. Martin
- Alfred Velpeau
- Hephaestus Cabieri
- This British general surgeon’s concern with the effects of malunions on patients’ productivity inspired him to undertake internal fixation of fractures. He first used his “no touch” technique when placing screws to fix tibia fractures in 1892, and started supplementing fixation with plates in 1905. He also performed the first successful open cardiac massage when a patient on whom he was operating had a cardiac arrest.
- Sir William MacCormac
- Sir William Arbuthnot-Lane
- Sir Havelock Charles
- Sir Henry Thompson
- In 1918, this Japanese professor of orthopaedic surgery at Tokyo University inspected a cadaver knee using a cystoscope, making him the father of arthroscopy.
- Mori Ōgai
- Satō Sankichi
- Kenji Takagi
- Ōmori Harutoyo
If you have orthopaedic trivia you think would be of interest to AAOS Now readers, email it to email@example.com; fax to 847-823-8033; or mail to Orthopaedic Trivia — AAOS Now, 6300 N. River Rd., Rosemont, Ill. 60018-4262.
1. A—Hugh Owen Thomas (1834–1891) is considered the father of orthopaedic surgery in Britain. His “Thomas splint” was used during the First World War, and reduced mortality of compound fractures of the femur from 87 percent to less than 8 percent in the period 1916–1918.
2. C—Alfred Velpeau (1795–1867) served as chair of clinical surgery at the University of Paris and several medical terms bear his name, including the Velpeau bandage.
3. B—Sir William Arbuthnot-Lane (1856-1943) is best known for his attempts to improve fracture alignment through internal fixation, initially with silver wire, followed by steel screws and plates and screws.
4. C—Kenji Takagi (1888-1963) performed the first knee arthroscopy on a cadaver in 1918 at Tokyo University.