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AAOS Now

Published 6/1/2013

Orthopaedic Trivia Quiz

AAOS Now tests your knowledge of orthopaedic trivia. Take a minute and see how well you know your orthopaedic trivia—but don’t peek at the answers! An expanded explanation of the correct answers can be found below.

  1. This British orthopaedist is best known for his monographs on fractures and dislocations, as well as his detailed description of tuberculosis of the spine.
    1. Percivall Pott (1714–1788)
    2. Sir John Charnley (1911–1982)
    3. Robert Jones (1857–1933)
    4. E. Muirhead Little (1854–1935)
  2. This orthopaedic surgeon founded the Scottish Rite Hospital in Atlanta, supervised Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s braces for polio, and described a method of tendoachilles lengthening named for him.
    1. Willis C. Campbell (1880–1941)
    2. Francis E. Townsend (1867–1960)
    3. Michael Hoke (1874-1944)
    4. Alfred R. Shands Jr (1899–1981)
  3. He founded the first orthopaedic hospital, Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled, in his own home. He provided trusses for ruptured braces for the crippled, but he banned operations and the use of plaster. After he died, the staff was again allowed to operate, and the institution was eventually renamed The Hospital for Special Surgery.
    1. Robert M. Hartley (1796–1881)
    2. James Knight (1810–1887)
    3. Lewis A. Sayre (1820–1900)
    4. Francis E. Townsend (1867–1960)
  4. What triad of conditions constitutes Reiter syndrome?
    1. Arthritis, diabetes, cardiovascular disease
    2. Dwarfism, muscle weakness, skin fragility
    3. Arthritis, conjunctivitis, urethritis
    4. Joint hypermobility, pseudotumors, cardiomyopathy

If you have orthopaedic trivia you think would be of interest to AAOS Now readers, email it to aaoscomm@aaos.org; fax to 847-823-8033; or mail to Orthopaedic Trivia — AAOS Now, 6300 N. River Rd., Rosemont, Ill. 60018-4262.

Answers:

1–A; 2–C; 3–B; 4–C

  1. After sustaining a broken leg himself, Percivall Pott went on to publish Some Few Remarks upon Fractures and Dislocations. Arthritic tuberculosis of the spine, which he first described, bears his name (Pott’s disease).
  2. Michael Hoke was appointed by President Roosevelt as the medical director of the Warm Springs, Ga., Institution for the Treatment of Infantile Paralysis in 1931.
  3. James Knight, whose interest in orthopedics was limited to designing and constructing braces for children’s congenital deformities, established the Hospital for the Ruptured and Crippled as a philanthropic effort to provide medical care to injured Civil War soldiers and needy city residents.
  4. Reiter syndrome (reactive arthritis) is an autoimmune condition that develops in response to an infection. It is most common in individuals aged 20 to 40 years and is more common in men than in women; it may be self-limiting, frequently recurring, chronic, or progressive. Treatment usually is with antibiotics, NSAIDs, and corticosteroid injections; immunosuppressants and TNF inhibitors may be used for severe involvement.