The Academy will test three different disclosure models during selected educational events at the 2014 AAOS Annual Meeting. Each disclosure model will be tested for one day in assigned rooms, which will include Theater B, Rooms 260-261, and Rooms 265-268 of the Morial Convention Center in New Orleans. The pilot studies will be tested in symposia, instructional courses, and paper sessions.
The Committee on Outside Interests and the Annual Meeting Committee developed the pilot disclosure models that will be tested in response to a directive from the AAOS Board of Directors. The Board had received comments from attendees that the disclosure slide traditionally used during Annual Meeting educational sessions passed by too quickly to be read, and only disclosed those relationships the speaker identified as being relevant to the topic. Some attendees questioned why speakers did not disclose all relationships to provide attendees the benefit of a full, open, and unbiased discussion.
Pilot disclosure models
The three disclosure models to be tested will include the following:
- Model 1, in which the speaker presents his or her own information at the beginning of the presentation with a visual prepared by AAOS, based on information submitted to the AAOS Orthopaedic Disclosure Program. The speaker will have up to 15 seconds to describe this information.
- Model 2, in which the moderator presents the speaker’s information at the beginning of the presentation with a visual prepared by AAOS, based on information submitted to the Orthopaedic Disclosure Program. As in Model 1, the moderator will have up to 15 seconds to describe this information.
- Model 3, in which the speaker selects one of two visuals to display at the beginning of the presentation, either “I (and my co-authors) have nothing to disclose” or “I (and/or my co-authors) have something to disclose.” The visual displayed will also indicate that the details of the speakers disclosure as submitted to the Orthopaedic Disclosure Program can be found in the Final Program, or alternatively, can be accessed electronically through the Annual Meeting app. (The app contains the most current disclosure information; it may supersede the disclosure information found in the Final Program.)
These three disclosure models will be compared against a “control” disclosure model, in which speakers will disclose their industry relationships in the traditional manner at the beginning of their presentations—ie, they will use a disclosure slide they developed themselves.
Tell us what you think
As part of the overall evaluation of each session, attendees and presenters will be asked about their views on the disclosure model used. For example, was it disruptive or distracting? Did it increase transparency during the presentation? If the speaker participated in the “disclose/nothing to disclose” model, did the audience member seek the speaker’s actual disclosure information from the Final Program or the Annual Meeting app? If the latter, was the disclosure app easy to use?
After Annual Meeting, AAOS will collate this information and evaluate which disclosure option most enhanced the education program and was most helpful to attendees. All feedback will be carefully considered in the development of future educational opportunities.
AAOS endeavors to maintain its position as a premier provider of musculoskeletal continuing medical education. Your participation in and feedback on this disclosure program will enable the AAOS to provide attendees with the best educational sessions possible, and will help the Academy achieve greater consistency regarding disclosures pertaining to educational activities.
Kenneth E. DeHaven, MD, is chair of the AAOS Committee on Outside Interests. He can be reached at email@example.com
Richard N. Peterson, JD, is the AAOS General Counsel. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org